St.Xavier's College, Palayamkottai
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CROP PROTECTION RESEARCH CENTRE


Introduction

  • Year of establishment: Crop Protection Research Centre (CPRC) was established in 1998.
  • Vision: To protect the cultivable crops from the devastating insect pests by using Bio-intensive Integrated Pest Management (BIPM), where natural enemies, plant-based insecticides, inter and trap crops, NPV (both S and H) and fungal pathogens play an important role
  • Mission statement: To identify pests (arthropods and microbes) of locally cultivated crops and manage them with Ecofriendly Options

  • Research Highlights
    1. Distribution and diversity of pests and natural enemies (reduviids, coccinellids, dragon and damsel flies, and spiders) of southern parts of Tamil Nadu, India
    2. Bioecology of reduviids using natural, factitious, and oligidic diets
    3. Stage preference and host preference of reduviids against economically important pests
    4. Laboratory and field (cotton and groundnut) evaluation of reduviids either alone or along with other BIPM components
    5. Formulated oligidic diets for reduviid predators rearing
    6. Venomous saliva of Rhynocoris marginatus and Rhynocoris fuscipes chemically, biologically and immunologically characterized
    7. Distribution, diversity and genetic similarity of Metarhizium anisopliae in Tamil Nadu, India
    8. Indigenous isolates of Beauveria bassiana, Verticillium lecanii, Paecilomyces fumosoroseus and Metarhizium anisopliae were tested against chosen groundnut and cotton pests.
    9. Inter-coping of sunflower, castor, soybean and maize (6 : 1 ratio) with groundnut enhanced the yield.
    10. Asteraceae (5 plants); Asclepladaceae (1 plant); Fabaceae (1 plant); Maliaceae (1 plant); Laminaceae (1 plant); Rutaceae (3 plants); Verbenaceae (1 plant); Zingiberaceae (1 plant) Pedaliaceae (1 plant ) and Pteridiaceae (3 plants) were used for the management of selected cotton and groundnut pests.
    11. Fabaceae (1 plant); Laminaceae (3 plants); Liliaceae (1 plant) and Verbenaceae (3 plants), Asteraceae (1 plant); Cucurbitaceae (1 plant) i Fabaceae (1 plant) were evaluated against post-harvesting pests like Corcyra cephalonica stainton and Tribolium castaneum.

    Works in Progress
    1. Formulation and evaluation of Tephrosia purpurea and Ipomoea carnea on banana pseudostem weevil odoiporus longicollis.
    2. Predatory hemipterans diversity in South Western Ghats and their biology, biocontrol potential.
    3. Bioefficacy of algae-based crude and silver nanoparticles against cotton pathogens.
    4. Bioefficacy of marine macroalgae against red cotton bug and tobacco caterpillar.
    5. Role of Rhynocoris longifrons and Rhynocoris fuscipes in cotton sucking pest management.
    6. Secondary metabolites of Beauveria bassiana on red cotton bug.

    Financial assistance received for other purposes
    1. TNSCST, Tamil Nadu – Rs. 20, 000 for conducting Biopesticide International Conference (BIOCICON-2007) 28 – 30 November 2007.
    2. DST, Govt. of India, New Delhi – Rs. 75, 000 for conducting Biopesticide International Conference (BIOCICON-2007) 28 – 30 November 2007.
    3. CSIR, Govt. of India, New Delhi – Rs. 10, 000 for conducting Biopesticide International Conference (BIOCICON-2007) 28 – 30 November 2007.
    4. From UGC under CPE grant- Rs. 30,000 for Lab to land programme during the academic year 2007 – 2008.
    5. From TNSCST under Dissemination of Innovative technology (DIT) grant - Rs. 40,000 for five days of farmers training programme during 2009.

    International Conferences organized
    1. First Biopesticide International Conference (BIOCICON-2007) from 28 to 30 November, 2007.
    2. Second Biopesticide International Conference (BIOCICON-2009) from 26 to 28 November 2009.

    Journal of Biopesticides

    The centre has been regularly publishing a journal namely “Journal of Biopesticides” [ISSN 0974 391X (Print); 2230 8385 (Online)]

    Home page: www.jbiopest.com

          Journal of Biopesticides is a peer-reviewed, half yearly journal issued in June and December, devoted to publication of research work on various aspects of plant protection with biological pesticides. Core aim, objective and purpose of the Journal is interdisciplinary in approach bringing together scientists and researchers in the field of ecofreindly crop protection encompassing pests, diseases, weeds, rodents and molluscan pests management thus paving the way for exchange of information and interaction between industry, researchers, academia, students, extension workers and farmers.


    Country wise paper publication

          Scientists from India (226), Bulgaria (01), Brazil (01), Czechoslovakia (02), Egypt (04), Iran (01), Indonesia (01), Nigeria (05), Thailand (01), West Indies (01), Kano (01) and Taiwan (01) published their research findings in the Journal of Biopesticides.


    Field wise paper publication

          Totally 245 papers were published from the fields like Biotechnology (13), Biosafety (10), Bioactive compound (05), Botanicals (90), Disease management (08), Integrated Pest management (27), Microbes (61), Natural Enemies (17), and Pests (14).


    Number of volumes: 04 Total issues: 08

CPRC

Dr.K.Sahayaraj

Director

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